Tips to Have in Mind When Choosing Timbers

Do you want to know more about timbers? That is great, this piece has been specially crafted with you in mind; continue reading. So, what is a timber? Well, it is a kind of wood that has been designed and processed into planks and beams. Any wood that can yield at least the required dimensional size fits to be called a lumber or timber.

You know what? Timbers are commonly used for the structural purposes. Finished timbers are provided in standard sizes and dimensions for the industry. They are commonly used for building houses as well as making furniture. The demand for timbers as important building materials has been increasing day by day. From furniture making to building construction Timber frames Sydney suppliers provide, have numerous uses.

Properties of timbers:

Color and appearance

Color is an important characteristic that you cannot forget to think about when choosing the most appropriate timber for you. Timber colors vary with the tree species. In most cases, the light color is an indication of weak timbers. For instance, freshly cut Deodar, Walnut, and teak have whitish, dark brown and golden colors respectively.

When it comes to appearance, it is possible to identify a tree depending on how it smells. It is possible to identify some plants by their characteristic smell. In most cases, timbers have an attractive smell.

Specific Gravity and hardness

Hardness is an important characteristic to consider when choosing a timber. This is because some timbers are soft while others are hard. If you intend to make a structure, which is resistant to any type of damage or scratch, hardness is a vital property.

Specific gravity varies from timber to timber. It is usually determined by the pores within the timber. The specific gravity of most timbers is less than one and can float on water. When it comes to compact woods, pores are almost lacking and tend to be heavier. The specific gravity of such timbers increases up to about 1.5.

Moisture Content and Grain

Timbers are usually hygroscopic and acquire water from the atmosphere. The rate of dehydration or water absorption of any timber is basically determined by the atmospheric humidity. Timbers with high moisture content are generally of low quality. High water content increases chances of a tree being attacked by fungi and other deleterious organisms.

Different trees have different kinds of grain arrangement. In straight grain, vascular tissues are arranged in a manner that they appear parallel to the extent or the length of the lumber or tree. Interlocked grains have a twisted or spiral arrangement of the vascular tissues. When it comes to coarse grain, the phloem and xylem are arranged widely and broadly.


Timber is a wooden material that can be used for construction reasons. If you are planning to choose a timber for either making furniture or building structures, you must find out which characteristics are most appropriate for you. Considering factors like moisture content, specific gravity, appearance, hardness, and color can help you make perfect choices.